In this free Blog to learn German (123deutsch) you’ll learn today 10 typical German words.
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Today’s topic: 10 typical German words
1 – bitte (please, here you are)
“Bitte” is used by the Germans on the one hand as a gesture to pass something to somebody, just as “here you are” in English. “Bitte” can also be used as an expression of amazement. For example, after an unexpected action a German person often uses the expression “wie bitte?” or even “bitte?”. This makes it clear that the German is surprised or even shocked.
“Hier bitte, der Stift.“ – “Here you are, the pen.”
“Bitte? Das kann doch nicht wahr sein?“ – “Pardon? How can that be possible?”
2 – genau (exactly)
You often hear it in conversations between native speakers and often you nod your head. The expression “genau” represents the agreement to a certain topic. If you have the same opinion as another person, many people use the word “genau“.
“Genau, du hast Recht.“ – “Right, you’re right.”
“Genau, das sehe ich auch so.“ – “Exactly, that’s how I see it.”
3 – achso (Oh)
Sometimes there may be misunderstandings between people in conversations. “Achso” is a typical German expression of astonishment, which is often used to clear up an error. Very often “achso” is used as a simple filler word in conversations or to express new thoughts.
“Achso, jetzt verstehe ich.“ “Oh, now I understand.”
4 – Feierabend (end of work)
One of the most popular words in German is the word “Feierabend“. Usually this cannot be translated into other languages, because it simply does not exist. The expression refers to the end of work. The time after the end of the work shift is called “Feierabend” in German. We could translate it with “celebration” and “evening” but it has nothing to do with the usual party in the evening. Often “Feierabend” is expressed very relieved.
“Schönen Feierabend.“ – ” Have a nice evening (after work).”
“Endlich Feierabend!“ – “Finally, the end of work!”
5 – Mensch! (Man!)
In some conversations “Mensch” does not necessarily mean human being, but serves as an outcry of indignation. If for example a mistake was made or a surprising negative action was carried out, one uses the word “Mensch!”. It is not uncommon for this to be combined with the name of the person who made the mistake.
“Mensch, Nelly.“ – “Man, Nelly.”
“Mensch, das Auto ist kaputt.“ – “Man, now the car is broken.”
6 – doch (yes, surely)
“doch” expresses that something that was denied or considered questionable in a question within the conversation has actually happened. Usually, you are sure when you use “doch“. On the other hand, the word can also be used if you are not sure whether an action was actually performed.
“Du hast kein Hunger?” – “Doch, ich habe Hunger.“
“You are not hungry?” – “Yes (Surely), I am hungry.”
“Er ist doch Kellner?“ – “He’s a waiter, isn’t he?”
7 – eben (simply)
The small word is used in the German language to reinforce or confirm a statement. It can stand alone or in connection with the mentioned statement.
“Er ist eben arrogant.“ – “He’s simply arrogant.”
“Das Geschäft ist eben billiger.“ – “The store is simply cheaper”
8 – na (well)
“Na?” is a context-dependent, cliche-like expression of approval, surprise, wonder, scepticism or even more. It serves to create a pause for thought or conversation. It is often used as a question.
“Na, wie geht´s?“ – “Well, how are you?”
“Na, das ist aber interessant.“ – “Well, that’s interesting.”
9 – geil (nice, great, wicked)
“geil” is an adjective, which is to be found particularly in the German youth language. It is used to express that you find something very good. In English it can be expressed with “nice”. Usually it is proclaimed with a joyful voice.
„Geil, die Schuhe sind im Sale.“ – “Great, the shoes are in sale.”
10 – Nee (nope, nah)
“Nee” is used very colloquially in Germany and means nothing else than “No”. The “E” is pronounced and drawn extra-long to make it clear that a statement or question cannot be answered in the affirmative.
“Hast du Zeit?“ – „Nee, ich muss lernen.“
“Do you have time?” – “Nope, I have to study.”
This our list of 10 typical German words. Maybe you know something more:D.
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